The Réunion Subchron vegetation and climate history of the northeastern Russian Arctic inferred from the Lake El'gygytgyn pollen record
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The 318-m-thick sediment record from Lake El'gygytgyn provides unique opportunities for a detailed examination of environmental changes during the Réunion Subchron polarity reversal event (2.1384–2.1216 Myr BP) in the northeastern Russian Arctic. The paper describes vegetation and climate fluctuations between ~ 2.15 and 2.10 Myr BP as inferred from palynological data. Biome reconstructions indicate that throughout this interval the tundra (TUND) biome generally has higher affinity scores as compared to cold steppe (STEP) or cold deciduous forest (CLDE). An exception is the climatic optimum between ~ 2.139 and 2.131 Myr BP, coinciding with Marine Isotope Stage 81 (approximately the Réunion Subchron), when the CLDE biome has the highest scores. Landscape-openness indices suggest that more closed vegetation characterized most of the interval between 2.146 and 2.127 Myr BP, when deciduous forest and shrubs expanded in the regional vegetation and climate was relatively warm and wet. Peaks in green algal colonies (Botryococcus) and Zygnema-type spores ~ 2.150–2.146, ~ 2.131–2.123, and ~ 2.112–2.102 Myr BP indicate expansions of shallow-water habitats and lowered lake levels. Comparisons with biome reconstructions from other interglacial intervals at Lake El'gygytgyn suggest that precession-related summer insolation intensity and obliquity-related duration of summer daylight are major controls on the onset of interglaciations, whereas obliquity probably plays a more significant role on vegetation succession at northern high latitudes during the Pleistocene.
W.W. Zhao, A.A. Andreeva, V. Wennricha, P.E. Tarasovc, P. Andersond, A.V. Lozhkine, M. Mellesa
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
2015 第436卷 第15期 167-177页
地球科学 » 地理学 » 自然地理学
Pollen; Early Pleistocene; Biome; Orbital forcing; Northeastern Russian Arctic