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Bottlenose dolphins can use learned vocal labels to address each other

RainRoyal 添加于 2013/7/31 15:13:52  681次阅读 | 0次推荐 | 0个评论

In animal communication research, vocal labeling refers to incidents in which an animal consistently uses a specific acoustic signal when presented with a specific object or class of objects. Labeling with learned signals is a foundation of human language but is notably rare in nonhuman communication systems. In natural animal systems, labeling often occurs with signals that are not influenced by learning, such as in alarm and food calling. There is a suggestion, however, that some species use learned signals to label conspecific individuals in their own communication system when mimicking individually distinctive calls. Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) are a promising animal for exploration in this area because they are capable of vocal production learning and can learn to use arbitrary signals to report the presence or absence of objects. Bottlenose dolphins develop their own unique identity signal, the signature whistle. This whistle encodes individual identity independently of voice features. The copying of signature whistles may therefore allow animals to label or address one another. Here, we show that wild bottlenose dolphins respond to hearing a copy of their own signature whistle by calling back. Animals did not respond to whistles that were not their own signature. This study provides compelling evidence that a dolphin’s learned identity signal is used as a label when addressing conspecifics. Bottlenose dolphins therefore appear to be unique as nonhuman mammals to use learned signals as individually specific labels for different social companions in their own natural communication system.

作 者:Stephanie L. King and Vincent M. Janik1
期刊名称: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
期卷页: 第卷 第期 ~页
学科领域:生命科学 » 动物学 » 动物生理及行为学
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原文链接:http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2013/07/17/1304459110.abstract?sid=d9d38d55-acfa-44f1-9b2c-f2cc269d4d17
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1304459110
ISBN: 0027-8424
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