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Emergence of Agriculture in the Foothills of the Zagros Mountains of Iran

sunchasernana 添加于 2013/7/25 10:06:36  819次阅读 | 0次推荐 | 0个评论

The role of Iran as a center of origin for domesticated cereals has long been debated. High stratigraphic resolution and richarchaeological remains at the aceramic Neolithic site of Chogha Golan (Ilam Province, present-day Iran) reveal a sequenceranging over 2200 years of cultivation of wild plants and the first appearance of domesticated-type species. The botanicalrecord from Chogha Golan documents how the inhabitants of the site cultivated wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum) and other wild progenitor species of modern crops, such as wild lentil and pea. Wild wheat species (Triticum spp.) are initially present at less than 10% of total plant species but increase to more than 20% during the last 300 yearsof the sequence. Around 9800 calendar years before the present, domesticated-type emmer appears. The archaeobotanical remainsfrom Chogha Golan represent the earliest record of long-term plant management in Iran.

作 者:Simone Riehl1,2,*, Mohsen Zeidi2,3, Nicholas J. Conard2,3
期刊名称: Science
期卷页: 07/05/2013 第341卷 第6141期 65~67页
学科领域:地球科学 » 地质学 » 古生物学和古生态学
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原文链接:http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6141/65.abstract?sid=3134beec-d11d-4668-98b7-4e1d18b4a2b6
DOI: 10.1126/science.1236743
ISBN: 0036-8075
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