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Motion of an Antarctic glacier by repeated tidally modulated earthquakes

renchunxiao 添加于 2012/9/19 15:35:35  967次阅读 | 0次推荐 | 0个评论

Between debris-laden glacial ice and bedrock, basal seismicity can develop that yields information about bed properties1, 2, stress distribution3, outburst flooding4, and crevassing and calving5, 6, 7. Basal seismicity in response to glacial motion is linked to variations in both stress and lubrication of bedrock by water and till8, 9. Here we analyse data from the Transantarctic Mountains Seismic Experiment array in 2002–2003 to investigate seismic behaviour at David Glacier, a large outlet glacier that drains 4% of East Antarctica’s ice sheet into the Ross Sea. We identify about 20,000 seismic events that are larger in magnitude and duration than typical for glacial sources and repeat at regular intervals of about 25 min. These events are consistent with stick–slip behaviour of debris-laden ice moving over a single obstacle of rough bedrock, modulated by relatively small stress changes from the ocean tides. In the years before and after the interval of repeating events, seismic events with irregular and generally longer intervals were detected at the same location, and are consistent with combined stick–slip and continuous sliding of the subglacial interface. We suggest that the observed transitions in seismicity patterns capture the dynamic behaviour of the ice stream, and that—despite lower ice-flow velocities—sliding in the stick–slip regime enhances subglacial erosion.

作 者:Motion of an Antarctic glacier by repeated tidally modulated earthquakes
期刊名称: naturegeoscience
期卷页: 第卷 第期 ~页
学科领域:地球科学 » 海洋科学 » 物理海洋学
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原文链接:http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v5/n9/full/ngeo1555.html
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相关报道: http://paper.sciencenet.cn/htmlpaper/20129201032499325875.shtm
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