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Lake change and its implication in the vicinity of Mt. Qomolangma (Everest), central high Himalayas, 1970–2009

wrys 添加于 2012/8/21 16:53:47  1010次阅读 | 0次推荐 | 0个评论

High-elevation inland lakes are a sensitive indicator of climate change. The extents of lakes in Mt. Qomolangma region have been extracted using the object-based image-processing method providing 6–24 images during 1970–2009. Combined with data from five meteorological stations and three periods’ glacier data, the inter-annual and intra-annual lake changes and responses to climate and glacier change have been analyzed. The results show that the lakes have shrunk overall, with clear inter-annual and intra-annual fluctuations during 1970–2009. In general, there appeared a trend of slight shrinkage in the 1970s, distinct shrinkage around 1990, general expansion in 2000 and accelerated decrease after 2000. Lake Peiku and neighboring lakes show a highly consistent change trend (correlation coefficients of 0.68–0.91), with larger lakes having smaller shrinkage rates, which implies a higher stability (in the order of Peiku > Langqiang > Cuochuolong). Lake Peiku, the largest lake, decreased 10.38 km2 (3.69 % or 0.27 km2 year−1) during 1970–2009. The changes in Lake Peiku indicate that precipitation is its main source of supply with glacier melt water a key supplement. Meanwhile, Lake Como Chamling reduced by 13.12 km2 (19.79 %) during 1974–2007, with strong shrinkage–expansion–shrinkage–expansion fluctuations. Overall, lakes in the vicinity of Mt. Qomolangma are a sensitive good indicator to climate change.

作 者:Yong Nie, Yili Zhang, Mingjun Ding, Linshan Liu, Zhaofeng Wang
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学科领域:地球科学 » 大气科学 » 大气环境与全球气候变化
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原文链接:http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12665-012-1736-6
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相关报道: http://paper.sciencenet.cn/htmlpaper/201282211222694425571.shtm
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