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El Nino and health risks from landscape fire emissions in southeast Asia

wrys 添加于 2012/8/15 11:07:24  1105次阅读 | 0次推荐 | 0个评论

Emissions from landscape fires affect both climate and air quality1. Here, we combine satellite-derived fire estimates and atmospheric modelling to quantify health effects from fire emissions in southeast Asia from 1997 to 2006. This region has large interannual variability in fire activity owing to coupling between El Niño-induced droughts and anthropogenic land-use change2, 3. We show that during strong El Niño years, fires contribute up to 200 μg m−3 and 50 ppb in annual average fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone surface concentrations near fire sources, respectively. This corresponds to a fire contribution of 200 additional days per year that exceed the World Health Organization 50 μg m−3 24-hr PM2.5 interim target4 and an estimated 10,800 (6,800–14,300)-person (~ 2%) annual increase in regional adult cardiovascular mortality. Our results indicate that reducing regional deforestation and degradation fires would improve public health along with widely established benefits from reducing carbon emissions, preserving biodiversity and maintaining ecosystem services.

作 者:Miriam E. Marlier; Ruth S. DeFries; Apostolos Voulgarakis; Patrick L. Kinney; James T. Randerson; Drew T. Shindell; Yang Chen; Greg Faluvegi
期刊名称: Nature Climate Change
期卷页: 2012-08-12 第卷 第期 ~页
学科领域:地球科学 » 大气科学 » 大气环境与全球气候变化
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原文链接:http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nclimate1658.html
DOI: doi:10.1038/nclimate1658
ISBN: 1758-678X
关键词: Atmospheric science, Health, Modelling and statistics, Social scientist/Social science, Geography/geographer, Sociology/sociologist, Environmental economics/Economist, Climate policy, Environmental policy, Global change, Earth system science, Climatologi
相关报道: http://paper.sciencenet.cn/htmlpaper/201282110382551825520.shtm
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